By Jerry Kaplan
In my previous blog, I wrote my thought on AI, and here is the book that had inspired me to reflect on the topic. I am not so keen in this field, but this book explains key-points in a really simple way, I suggest you to read it if you are like me, who is not an expert in scientific field but would like to get some #tidbits!
1 Defining Artificial Intelligence : Is AI a real science?
“What qualifies as AI, as opposed to merely clever programming or engineering, may be open to debate, but we should take care not to let this lack of agreement distract us from an important truth: this new technology will impact a great many things that we hold dear, from our livelihoods to our sense of self.” (P. 7)
3 Frontiers of Artificial Intelligence : What is robotics?
“Military robots will not be designed to use weapons, they are the weapons.” (P. 53)
5 Artificial Intelligence and the Law : Can an AI system commit a crime?
“The law presumes that the person committing the crime has what’s called ‘moral agency’. Moral agency requires two things: that the actor be capable of understanding the consequences of their behavior, and that they have a choice of actions. Surprisingly, you don’t have to be human to have moral agency.” (P. 105)
6 The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Human Labor : Are robots going to take away our jobs?
“… – the magnitude of the impact of AI in particular will depend on how quickly and widely the new technologies will facilitate automation of workers’ skills.” (P. 117)
7 The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Social Equity : What’s wrong with a labor-based economy?
“Wide swathes of our labor force will soon find themselves competing in a losing battle against systems that can perform their jobs better, faster, and at a lower cost than they can. The question is, how can we equitably share the resulting increase in wealth?” (P. 130)
“The logically extreme outcome of a capitalist economy in which the assets are concentrated within a small elite is a system wherein those at the top control everything, and the normal mediating role of supply and demand in distributing assets is no longer effective. The rich, quite simply, can literally decide who gets to work, and therefore who will live and die.” (P. 131)
“A world where the masses labor to produce increasingly luxurious goods for a shrinking class of the lucky few is a frighteningly real and workable possibility.” (P. 132)
“… we will need to move from a labor-based economic model to a more asset-based model” (P. 132)
8 Possible Future Impacts of Artificial Intelligence : How are our children likely to regard AI systems?
“While today calling someone a ‘humanist’ is a compliment, if or when intelligent machines are fully integrated into society, the term may ultimately become more akin to calling someone a racist.” (P. 153)